5G / Monetization/ IoT / MEC / Digitalization
Open RAN is a great opportunities for widening the RAN suppliers ecosystem (leveraging on new price level).
O-RAN creates open interfaces for removing lock-in strategy by vendor on specific reagions.
The expectations are set very high where the new entrants for negotiation price (Capex) push the ongoing challenges on security, testing (Opex) where scalable performances and accountability to guarantee SLAs are a key challenge.
High Investing on new 5G technology are required. The lack of a killer application poses the question in how to monetize the network and justify the infrastructure investment
5G changes on technology and processes
The 5G technology represents an opportunities for changes - for explore new business opportunities, - for creating new strategy and drivers, - for changes purchases and processes, and - change on price models
What are the big expectation with 5G, from technology and investment view points?
Planning new services requires full knowledge on performances, reliability, convergence, latency. Product readiness follows the road map of standardization and ability in implementation.
Cloud vs Cloud Computing vs cloud native, Pros and Cons of the 3 key enabling journey towards 5g digital transformation
How Access network changes with 5G
5G is a game change, and will the business case for house holders broadband connectivity be unaffected with the coming innovative 5G technologies ? Technology is moving one step ahead on Mobile and one step behind on fixed network, until the FMC is getting mature.
Augmented Reality is creating new business opportunities
AR realizes the virtual environment, a virtual presence to create new experiences (B2C) and to help customers creating a differentiation (B2B). It is the most mature among VR, MR, XR.
This experience of presence is requiring several technologies tracking, latency, persistency, resolution requiring smart phones, heads-up displays , or also AR glasses (launched in South Korea and less popular in Europe), Head Mounted Displays (HMDs),.
Sensor, camera, AR glasses are complementing to create new solution for consumers (B2C). Video streaming, photo gallery (Europe), Education (Middle East), Entertainments (Asia) are the most popular.
Tracking, GPRS, webRTC, AI are key elements for innovative solution with SME (B2B) attracting and differentiating business proposition (B2B2C).
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5G Transformation journey
That 5G is a game change that demand a process for full transformation is clear to the whole industry.
The technology transformation has reached a strong maturity level while CSP seeking strong Business Cases for the expected ROI that need to complement the B2C and B2Home (FWA) with also B2B. This step is mandatory.
The operational transformation is just at the consolidation phase. This will be executed as the all NFV benefit is on Opex saving. But how and when are still the key question across the industry. Organization transformation will be hard in male dominated culture then in female dominated culture. Automation needs to be implemented, and AI is the next expectation to be adopted.
The services transformation will follow where the real consolidation of OSS & BSS will take place, also combined with network slicing that is getting mature across all domain area. O-RAN has changed the original 5G road map adding extra functionalities and network ownerships, while creating the synergy across complementing industry that are paramount.
Although we tend to debate on separate area either on technology, on operational and on services. The full execution of 5G also requires a consolidation of agility in the flow as technology, project and processes that will demands further changes in all the 3 mentioned area. A challenge project implementation is expected by all industry!
5G is exploring LEO technology for enhanced navigation services
There is a trade-off between availability and building new technology, as always. LEO have the potential to provide data closer to user (3k vs 35k km), with better efficiency on high dense area for the strong signal strength (+30dB), with higher security
On other end, current satellite GEO are suitable for wide coverage area with strong resiliency but less precision.
The usability is linked with the services to enable and the expected performances on location based services, precise point position and real timing. LEO satellite are suitable for services that demands position, timing as well as strong real-time navigation.
The Quality of service (QoS) drivers the SLAs reached in the network for CSP
Requirements for each services on 5G network is regulated by 3GPP standards TS 23.501 regarding the 5QI 5G Quality indicator for the resources types, the packet delay, the packet error loss rate, and the priority. 5QI provides backwards compatibility with QCI QoS Class Identifier in LTE/4G enhancing the delay down to 5ms, and considering delay critical GBR for new technology like AR,VR, V2X, Automation, etc..
The QoS has an impact for the
•network design eg parallel or converged networks, bundle spectrum,
•the architecture eg 5GNSA vs 5G SA,
•features selected eg VoNR, Roaming S8HR,
•the implementation of resiliency eg N+M, CUPS, UDM, NSSF, etc..
•Latency approach eg air interfaces, Edge network
•Reliability and availability 99.999